Sep 23 2022
Isomers are molecules which have the same chemical formula and sometimes the same kind of bonds but in which the atoms are arranged differently.
Structural isomers have different atom-to-atom connections e.g. propanol (C3H8O or C3H7OH) has two isomers Propan-1-ol and Propan-2-ol.
Diastereomers are not mirror images and have different internal dimensions (e.g. dihedral angles and distances between non-bonded atoms). They can be configurational diastereomers (which can be interconverted only by breaking bonds or by changing the configurations of stereocenters) or conformational diastereomers (which can be interconverted by rotation about bonds - including chair flips or by lone pair inversion .
Enantiomers have identical internal dimensions, and are nonsuperimposable mirror images. Enantiomers can be configurational and conformational.
Enatiomers are distinguished based on the Latin terms for left (sinister) and right (rectus). In some cases where the handedness is unknown a chiral center can be labeled "RS"or unknown.
To enumerate and display in a separate table the stereoisomers of selected compounds.
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From a chemical spreadsheet:
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