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Contents
 
Introduction
Help Videos
Reference Guide
Getting Started
Protein Structure
Molecular Graphics
Slides & ActiveICM
Sequences & Alignments
Protein Modeling
Cheminformatics
Learn and Predict
Docking
 Small Molecule Docking
  Docking Introduction
  Docking Steps
  Setup
  Adjust Binding Site
  Re-make Maps
  Docking Preferences
  Interaction Restraints
  Begin the Docking Simulation
  On-screen Demo Dock
  Batch Docking
  Run Docking Batch
  Progress
  Viewing Your Docking Results
  Make a HitList
  Hitlist Export
  Dock Chemical Table
  Reload
  Displaying Docking Results
 Flexible Docking
 Template Docking
 Covalent Docking
 De Novo Tools
 Autofit
 Protein-Protein Docking
Virtual Screening
MolScreen
3D Ligand Editor
Tables and Plots
Local Databases
ICM-Scarab
KNIME
Tutorials
FAQs
 
Index
PrevICM User's Guide
12.1 Small Molecule Docking
Next

[ Docking Introduction | Docking Steps | Setup | Adjust Binding Site | Re-make Maps | Docking Preferences | Interaction Restraints | Begin the Docking Simulation | On-screen Demo Dock | Batch Docking | Run Docking Batch | Progress | Viewing Your Docking Results | Make a HitList | Hitlist Export | Dock Chemical Table | Reload | Displaying Docking Results ]

Available in the following product(s): ICM-Pro | ICM-VLS |

Additional Resources: Tutorial: Dock Biotin to Streptavidin Receptor | Tutorial: Dock a Ricin Inhibitor | Command Line Docs | Interactive Docking Tutorial Video | Re-dock Tutorial Video


12.1.1 Docking Introduction


[ Receptor Considerations | Ligand Considerations | Chirality Considerations | Protonation Considerations | Effort Considerations ]

This section is concerned with predictions of interactions of drugs or small biological substrates (less than about 600-700 Da) to pockets of larger, more rigid, receptors (typically, protein molecules, DNA or RNA).

For accurate ligand docking, the goal is to have an adequate three-dimensional model of the receptor pocket you are planning to dock ligands to. If this is the case then ICM docking has been shown to be very accurate in a number of independent assesments.

However, there are a number of pitfalls which need to be overcome to achieve accurate ligand docking. The pitfalls are that your model is not accurate overall, does not reflect the induced fit, or alternative conformations of the receptor binding pocket are missed.

Some key points about ICM Ligand Docking:

  • An average docking time is 0.5 seconds to 30 seconds per ligand per processor. The time per ligand was chosen to be the smallest possible to allow screening of very large data sets. To increase the time spent per ligand, change the Docking_thoroughness parameter.
  • ICM docking is probably the most accurate predictive tool of the binding geometry today. ICM docking has consistently ranked first place compared to other leading docking software in terms of accuracy. ICM has been successful in many drug design applications by scienctists in academia and industry.
  • ICM ligand docking procedure performs docking of the fully flexible small-molecule ligand to a known receptor 3D structure.
  • The goal of the flexible docking calculation is prediction of correct binding geometry for each binder.
  • ICM stochastic global optimization algorithm attempts to find the global minimum of the energy function that includes five grid potentials describing interaction of the flexible ligand with the receptor and internal conformational energy of the ligand.
  • During the docking process a stack of alternative low energy conformations is saved.

Please see this link http://www.molsoft.com/docking.html to read more about ICM Docking.

12.1.1.1 Receptor Considerations


If you have only a single PDB entry for your receptor, convert the protein to an ICM object, delete water molecules and irrelevant chains. However, if you have a choice between several templates, take the following into account:

  • X-ray structure is preferable to an NMR structure.
  • High resolution X-ray structure ( less than 2.1A ) is much better than, say 2.5A .
  • Watch out for high-B-factor regions and avoid them; sometimes crystallographers deposit fantasy coordinates with high-B-factors.
  • Check the pocket for correct placement of polar hydrogens and choose correct form of histidine.
  • A bound conformation of the receptor is preferable, however if you use an apo-model, an NMR structure or a model by homology, the side-chains in a pocket may be incorrect. Frequently they stick out and prevent a ligand from binding. Those stubborn side-chains can be 'tamed', (i) manually; (ii) by a side chain simulation with elevated surfaceTension; or (iii) using a method such as Dual Alanine Scanning and Refinement ( SCARE).
  • A model by homology can be built with the build model command (see molecular modeling section of this manual) and used for docking.

12.1.1.2 Ligand Considerations


Usually a good place to start is to try to dock the known ligand(s) to the receptor model. You may also want to dock a library of compounds in order to identify lead candidates. In this case the main pitfalls are that the library is too restricted, molecules are not chemically feasible or not drug-like. For peptide docking please use the protein-protein docking protocol.

There is no need to convert the ligands to 3D, this is done "on-the-fly" during the docking process.

NOTE: If you are docking a ligand directly from the PDB please check the bond types and formal charges of the ligand. This is discussed in the section entitled Converting a Chemical from the PDB

12.1.1.3 Chirality Considerations


To sample linear chiral centers during docking you can check the option "Sample Racemic Centers" in Docking/Preferences/General. To sample chiral centers in rings it is best to generate all 2D enantiomers using Chemistry/Generate Stereoisomers.

12.1.1.4 Protonation Consideration


The protonation state can be set in the Docking/Preferences/General dialog box. Choose the drop down option in the field labeled Charge Groups. This option charges some ionizable basic groups, it currently accepts the following values: space-separated NH2, NH, NT for primary secondary and tertiary aliphatic amines. There are also options for imidazole and amidine. An alternative is auto, which uses built-in prediction of Ka/Kb to charge and protonate/deprotonate appropriate groups. The none option still charges acids unless neutralAcids flag is set to no in the docking table file .dtb or .tab.

To determine protonation at a range of pH values you can use the options in Chemistry/Set Formal Charges/ and choose the option Auto using Pka Model.

12.1.1.5 Effort and Thoroughness Considerations


When you send the docking job to run using Run Docking/VLS Batch you will notice an 'effort' parameter sometimes also referred to as 'thoroughness'. This value represents the length of the docking simulation - time is roughly proportional to effort. The parameter reflects an inevitable compromise between speed and accuracy but note that timing is strongly dependent on flexibility and size of ligand - by nature a larger flexible ligand requires more time for adequate sampling than a small rigid one.

Some recommendations for choosing an effort value:

  • A setting of 3. is our recommended value for docking, we normally benchmark accuracy at this effort level.
  • A setting of 1. works well for large Virtual Ligand Screening (VLS) runs.
  • When convergence is critical we would recommend to use 10.
  • When constraints are used generally lower 'effort' is acceptable.
  • When incorporating receptor induced fit by 4D Docking or Explicit Group Docking we would recommend an effort parameter >20.

12.1.2 Docking Steps


The key docking steps are:

  1. Setup the Docking Project.
  2. Check Docking Preferences.
  3. Choose Ligand or Database and Start Docking Simulation
  4. View Docking Results

12.1.3 Docking Project Setup


Step 1. Read in the PDB file. In this example we will re-dock the biotin to streptavidin using PDB code 1STP.

Step 2. Convert PDB
  • Convert the PDB file into an ICM object. Remember to select the option to optimize all hydrogens and Optimize HisProAsnGlnCys.
  • It is recommended that "optimize hydrogens" option is selected. To accelerate the procedure, disable the 3D graphics window (type in the terminal window unds window ) When the procedure finishes, converted object is the 'current' object in icm. You can check the results by displaying the converted structure.
  • If you do not select "replace original" just make sure you understand which of your objects is an ICM Object and which one is in PDB format.
  • In this example we delete all water molecules but for some cases you may need to keep one or two waters in the pocket. We usually recommend to keep a water molecule if it is tightly bound (e.g. 2-3 hydrogen bond coordination).
  • Uncheck the box hide missing side chains if you want ICM to build missing heavy atoms that are not reported in the PDB (due to the lack of density), they will be added according to the residue name and assigned zero occupancies. Check this box if you want residues missing heavy atoms to be hidden.

Step 3 Move the Ligand out of the Pocket IMPORTANT! If you are redocking a ligand please remember to remove the ligand from the ligand binding pocket otherwise the ligand will be included in the docking maps and you will not be able to re-dock it correctly. To remove a ligand from an object - right click on the ligand in the ICM Workspace and select "move from object". Simply undisplaying the ligand is NOT sufficient.

Step 4. Check the Ligand. You should have two objects in the ICM Workspace - the receptor (e.g. 1stp) and the ligand (1stp_1). For clarity you can rename them by right clicking on the name in the ICM workspace and choose rename. This is a good opportunity to double check that the bond types and formal charge of the ligand are correct. You can edit them as described here.

Step 5. Docking/Setup Receptor
  • Docking/New Project.
  • Enter a unique alphanumeric name ( >3 characters ) into the Project name data entry box. Avoid using spaces and leading digits in the name and do not include unusual characters such as hyphens etc... NOTE: To load a project that has already been setup go to Docking/Open Project.
  • Enter the name of the receptor molecule(s) in the Receptor object data entry box (e.g. a_1stp. - you can use the drop down arrow to locate the name if more than one objects are loaded). In most cases a_* will do - all molecules in the current object will be included, this is useful if your pocket contains 2 chains, hetatoms or waters.
There are different ways to enter the binding site residues:
  1. Define the binding site residues manually e.g. by entering the selection in the Binding site residues data entry box e.g. a_/123,144,152 for selection by residue numbers.
  2. Select the site using the graphical selection tools such as the lasso tool.
  3. Use the icmPocketFinder function option or press the Identify Binding Sites button.
  4. Easiest Way! - as shown in image If you have a ligand in the binding pocket already - select the ligand in the ICM Workspace by double clicking on it. Then press the "Define Site Around Selected Ligand" button. This will make a graphical selection (green crosses) of the residues surrounding the ligand. If you use this option make sure the ligand is in a separate object and not in the same object as the receptor (See Step 3).

Note if you have made your selection correctly the pocket will be surrounded by green crosses.

  • Choose the option Make receptor maps immediately.
  • Click on the OK button.

NOTE: At this stage of the docking setup it is a good idea to keep an eye on the terminal window. Instructions and any error messages will be displayed in the terminal window. If you do not see the terminal window select Windows/Terminal Window.

Step 6: Adjusting the Position of the Probe The position of the probe (usually represented as 4 spheres in the center of the pocket) represents the initial position where sampling will begin. The default probe position is generally OK for most purposes but if you would like to move it to a critical part of the receptor so that sampling initially concentrates in that region you can do so using the middle mouse button and holding the SHIFT button for global rotation. Once you are happy with the position of the box press the enter key or click on "GO".

NOTE The probe position can be changed again if needed using the Docking/Review/Adjust Ligand/Box.. option.

Step 7: Adjusting the Size of the Box The purple box represents the region in which maps will be generated. The box needs to be large enough to encompass the binding pocket but not too large and including regions of the receptor which are not relevant for the ligand to bind. If the binding site is correctly defined in the earlier Receptor setup then the default box size is usually fine. If it is necesary to change the box size you can use the left mouse button with the cursor at any corner of the purple box to change it.

NOTE The size of the box can be changed again if needed using the Docking/Review/Adjust Ligand/Box.. option but if you do change something please remember to re-make the maps Docking/(Re) Make Receptor Maps.

12.1.4 Review and Adjust Binding Site


If at any point you want to change the binding site use the option Docking/Review Adjust Ligand/Box... Here you can change the initial position of the probe (default center or box) and the size of the box. If you change the size of the box you need to re-make the maps using the option Docking/(Re) Make Receptor Maps. You can use this option to also change the default map parameters such as the grid cell size and map weighting by occupancy.

12.1.5 (Re) Make Receptor Maps


If you change the size of the binding site box you will need to re-make the maps. To do this:

  • Docking/(Re) Make Receptor Maps

12.1.6 Check Docking Preferences


[ General Preferences | Database Scan Preferences | Display Preferences ]

The docking preferences options can be found here Docking/Preferences.

12.1.6.1 General Preferences


Docking/Preferences/General

You can choose to:

  • Sample racemic centers.
  • Sample double bonds as cis trans.
  • Relax covalent bond geometry (set as yes by default).
  • Flexible ring sampling level. This option can be used for macrocycles. If the value is set to "1" then the ring is only flexible in pre-sampling. If the value is set to "2" then the ring is flexible throughout the simulation.
  • Keep carboxyls neutral (set as no by default).
  • Charge groups: provides simple interface to charge some ionizable basic groups, it currently understands following values: NH2, NH , NT for primary secondary and tertiary aliphatic amines, also it understands 'imidazole' and 'amidine'. An alternative is 'auto', which uses built-in prediction of Ka/Kb to charge and protonate/deprotonate appropriate groups.

12.1.6.2 Database Scan Preferences


Docking/Prefences/Database Scan

These options are required when undertaking large scale docking and scoring using Virtual Ligand Screening (VLS). They are described in the VLS chapter of this manual.

12.1.6.3 Display Preferences


A number of docking display options can be changed in Docking/Preferences/Display

Now begin the docking procedure.

12.1.7 Interaction Restraints


To restrain the docking to a particular hydrogen bond donor or acceptor in the receptor.

  • Docking/Interaction Restraints.
  • Select the atoms in the docking project receptor that you would like the ligand(s) to interact with and click on the "Add Hbond Donor/Acceptor button.
  • You can also define a chemical moiety that you would like to interact with the receptor. To do this click add the SMILES string or click on the button to sketh the chemical group. An attachment point needs to be defined (right click on atom and choose Attachment Point from the menu).
  • A table of the restraints will be displayed. You can check the restraint on and off using the check marks in the "Active" column.

12.1.8 Begin the Docking Simulation


Once the receptor and maps have been correctly set up then the docking procedure can begin.

There are three possible options to choose when On-screen Demo Dock, BATCH, or Dock Chemical Table docking (Please note some of the options may be limited for users without ICM-VLS)

  • On-screen Demo Dock docking should be used when you have a single ligand and you simply want to re-dock the ligand to the receptor. It can also be used to view the ligand docking to the pocket. In ICM versions 3.8-5 and older this option was called Interactive Docking.
  • BATCH docking will run in the background and is an ideal choice for screening a database of compounds e.g. vls.
  • Dock Chemical Table will allows you to easily dock a chemical spreadsheet that is loaded into ICM.

12.1.9 On-screen Demo Dock


[ On-screen Demo Dock: Mol Table Ligand | On-screen Demo Dock: Loaded Ligand ]

Use On-screen Demo Dock docking to dock one ligand at a time in the foreground. It is ideal to use this option for small-scale docking and to view the flexible ligand sampling the pocket.

  • Click on the menu Docking/On-screen Demo Dock

Choose either Mol Table Ligand or Loaded Ligand

12.1.9.1 On-screen Demo Dock: Mol Table Ligand


If you have a chemical table already loaded into ICM you can use this option to dock chemicals in it. You can read mol/mol2 or sdf files into ICM by using File/Open. They will be displayed in a table.

  • Enter the Docking Project Name
  • Use the drop down arrow to find the table of ligands you wish to dock.
  • Enter the number of the ligand in the table you wish to dock. Eg if the ligand is in row 6 enter 6.
  • If you have ICM-VLS you can retrieve an ICM docking score for the docked ligand.
  • 'Effort' or thoroughness represents the length of the simulation. Generally 1 is a reasonable value for buried hydrophobic pockets. If you are docking to solvent exposed pockets or pockets containing metal ions you may wish to increase this parameter.
  • Display run will display the ligand sampling the energy in the ligand binding pocket. Although this is fun to watch this significantly slows down the docking operation.

12.1.9.2 On-screen Demo Dock: Loaded Ligand


If you have a ligand as an ICM object you can use this option.

  • Enter the Docking Project Name
  • Use the drop down arrow to find the ligand.
  • If you have ICM-VLS you can retrieve an ICM docking score for the docked ligand.
  • If the ligand is already located in the pocket you can use this option. However by default the ligand will start sampling in the center of the pocket so this option does not need to be used.
  • Thoroughness represents the length of the simulation. Generally 1 is a reasonable value for buried hydrophobic pockets. If you are docking to solvent exposed pockets or pockets containing metal ions you may wish to increase this slightly.
  • Display run will display the ligand sampling the energy in the ligand binding pocket. Although this is fun to watch this significantly slows down the docking operation.
  • You can write the docking simulation to a trajectory file. Please see the command language manual for more information on this.

12.1.10 Batch Docking


[ From Loaded ICM Object | From File | From Mol/Mol2 | From Indexed Database | From MolCart Database ]

Batch Docking is used for running docking jobs in the background. It is ideal for large-scale docking jobs.

  • Use the menu option Docking/Batch Ligand Setup to setup the docking run
  • Once setup use the menu option Docking/Run Docking Batch to run the batch docking.

12.1.10.1 Batch Docking: From Loaded ICM Object


From Loaded ICM Object Your ligand needs to be an ICM object and loaded into ICM (File/Open). Your object will be displayed in the ICM Workspace.

  • Enter the name of the docking project.
  • Ligand Molecule Use the drop down button to find the loaded ligand or enter the the ICM selection language.
  • Ligand Name A docked ligand will be given a name. Change this if you wish or use the default name.
  • Once setup use the menu option Docking/Run Docking Batch to run the batch docking.

12.1.10.2 Batch Docking: From File


From File: ICM If your ligand (s) is saved and converted to an ICM object but is not loaded into ICM then you can use this option.

  • Browse for the ICM Object.
  • Click OK

12.1.10.3 Batch Docking: From Mol/Mol2


From File:MOL/MOL2

If your ligand is a MOL or MOL2 file then

  • Browse for your MOL/MOL2 file.
  • Select whether your ligand is in MOL or MOL2 format.
  • If you wish hydrogens to be added to your compound or charges to be assigned then click on the appropriate boxes in the display panel.
  • Click OK

12.1.10.4 Batch Docking: From Indexed Database


From Indexed Database - only available with ICM-VLS

In most cases the ligand input file will be an SDF or MOL2 file. These files need to be indexed by ICM before they can be used in VLS runs (see next section of this manual). The index is used to allow fast access to an arbitrary molecular record in a large file such as an SDF file which in some cases contains over one million compounds.

To index an sdf file:

  • Click on the menu Docking/Tools/Index Mol/Mol2 File/Database to generate the index. The following data entry box will be displayed.

  • Enter the name of your Mol/Mol2 file and enter the name you wish to call your index file.
  • Select whether your file is in Mol or Mol2 format.

  • Browse for your Index file.
  • Select whether your ligand is in MOL or MOL2 format.
  • If you wish hydrogens to be added to your compound or charges to be assigned then click on the appropriate boxes in the display panel.
  • Click OK

12.1.10.5 Batch Docking: From MolCart Database


From MolCart - only available with ICM-VLS

NOTE A separate license is required for MolCart

  • Enter docking project name.
  • Enter the MolCart server
  • Enter your username
  • Enter Password
  • Enter the Database Name
  • Enter the name of the MolCart table within the Database
  • Select whether you would like to build hydrogens or convert the compounds from 2D to 3D.

12.1.11 Run Docking Batch


IMPORTANT Once you have setup the docking you need to set it running using the menu option Docking/Run Docking Batch

  • Docking/ Run Docking Batch
  • Enter the Docking Project Name
  • Batch docking will generate an output file - enter the name you wish to call this file here.
  • Thoroughness represents the length of the simulation. Generally 1 is a reasonable value for buried hydrophobic pockets. If you are docking to solvent exposed pockets or pockets containing metal ions you may wish to increase this slightly.
  • Selecting Store Alternative Conf will allow you to look at all conformations in the energy stack.
  • Score All Stack Conf. will allow you to determine an ICM docking Score for all members of the stack - this will slow the docking down.
  • License type: For nearly all license (e.g. standard ICM-VLS licenses) types you need to leave this entry blank. If you have a -vlscluster license or a molvls license (-vls) then select the option from the drop down list. Any questions first check your license.dat file or Email support@molsoft.com.
  • Click OK IMPORTANT - IF THE JOB IS RUNNING IT WILL TELL YOU bgrnd job AT THE TOP OF THE GUI - SEE BELOW

Docking simulation is running

Docking simulation has ended message

To check the status of your docking simulation

  • Windows/Background Jobs

12.1.12 Monitoring Docking Progress


There are three ways to monitor the progress of a docking job:

  1. If using GUI go to Windows/Background jobs. A panel will be displayed at the bottom of the GUI - right click on the job to see output file.
  2. You can make a hitlist from the partial output ‘answers’ file (usually named PROJNAME_answers1.ob )
  3. You can look at the standard output (PROJNAME.ou) which we would usually redirect to a file, or if not just in the terminal, and find SCORE> lines which contain ligand index (first numeric field).

12.1.13 Viewing Your Docking Results


[ Scan Hits | View Stack Conformations ]

Docking results can be visualized and browsed in one of the following ways.

The results of the docking are saved in the following files

PROJECTNAME_LIGANDNAME.ob #icm-object file with best solutions for each ligand PROJECTNAME_*.cnf # icm conformational stack files with multiple docked conf.

The results of the docking job using ICM-VLS (separate license required) are saved in the following files:

PROJECTNAME_answers*a.ob #icm-object file with best solutions for each ligand

PROJECTNAME_*.cnf # icm conformational stack files with multiple docked conf.

PROJECTNAME_*.ou # output file where various messages are stored eg.SCORE

12.1.13.1 Docking Results - Scan Hits


  • Select Docking/Browse/Scan Hits and a data entry box as shown below will be displayed.

  • Select the correct project name for the docking simulation results you wish to browse.
  • Enter the name of the icm object file in the Docking (multi)object data entry field. This file will be called PROJECTNAME_answers*.ob or LIGAND_NAME.ob The browse button can be used to search for the correct file.
  • You can display the binding pocket or the H-bonds by selecting the appropriate boxes in the Browse scan-solutions data entry window (shown above).
  • Use the buttons at the bottom of the graphical user interface to browse the docked conformations. NEXT(or type "n"), BACK (or type "b"), JUMP (or type "j"), RETAIN (or type "r"), STOP (or type "s"), KEEP_STOP (or type "k").

  • The options keep and stop and retain will retain the displayed ligand in the graphical user interface. If you want to export the docked complex as a PDB file you will need to move the ligand and receptor into one ICM object. Moving objects is described in the FAQ section entitled How can I merge two objects into one?

12.1.13.2 Docking Results - View Stack Conformations


To view the multiple positions of a single ligand in the docking simulation ranked by energy.

  • Select menu Docking/Browse/Stack Conformations

The Browse Stack Conformation data entry window will be displayed.

  • Select the correct project name for the docking simulation results you wish to browse.
  • Enter the name of the icm object file in the Docking (multi)object data entry field. This file will be called PROJECTNAME_answers*.ob .The browse button can be used to search for the correct file.
  • Enter the name of the icm conformational stack files with multiple docked conformations into the Ligand or complex stack file data entry box. This file will be called PROJECTNAME1_1.cnf . The browse button can be used to search for the correct file. The second solution in the stack can be viewed by changing the number 1 at the end of the file name to 2 (PROJECTNAME1_2.cnf) and so on for each solution in the stack.
  • You can display the binding pocket or the H-bonds by selecting the appropriate boxes in the Browse scan-solutions data entry window (shown above).
  • Use the buttons at the bottom of the graphical user interface to browse the docked conformations. NEXT(or type "n"), BACK (or type "b"), JUMP (or type "j"), RETAIN (or type "r"), STOP (or type "s"), KEEP_STOP (or type "k").

  • The options keep and stop and retain will retain the displayed ligand in the graphical user interface. If you want to export the docked complex as a PDB file you will need to move the ligand and receptor into one ICM object. Moving objects is described in the FAQ section entitled How can I merge two objects into one?

Columns in the Stack Table

i rank in stack

ener Energy kcal/mol

gvw van der Waals grid potential

gb hydrogen bonding grid potential

ge electrostatic grid potential

gs hydrophobic grid potential

Einternal is internal conformation energy of the ligand

12.1.14 Make a HIT LIST


A hilist is a convenient way to view your docking results in a chemical spreadsheet. To make a hitlist

  • Docking/Make Hit List

  • Enter the docking project name.
  • All the docking answers are saved into a multi object file (*.ob) Use the browse button to locate DockingProjectName_answers.ob file. If you have split the jobs up and have multiple vls runs you can merge all the results into a single hitlist. To make the hitlist you will need to use wildcard asterisk (*) to select all the answer object files . In the GUI go to Docking/Make Hitlist and then enter the path to the multi object files: e.g DockingProjectName_answers*.ob
  • You can include a 2D image into the HITLIST
  • Select Unique if you have made multiple docking runs the best docking score will be taken to make the hitlist unique.
  • If your hitlist is very large and will not fit into the memory of your computer you can use the option no 2D structures in the Docking/Make Hitlist or make a smaller hitlist of the top top N hits using Select Top Hits.
  • A HITLIST table will be displayed. Each docked ligand can be viewed by double clicking in the HITLIST table. A stack of conformations for each ligand will also be displayed in a table.

There is a toggle button to easily undisplay or display each ligand pose.

Columns in the HitList Table with ICM-VLS LICENSE

  • IX is the index number from the docked database
  • Score is the ICM score -32 and lower are generally considered good scores - but depends on the receptor (e.g. exposed pockets or pockets with metal ions mayhave higher scores than -32)
  • Natom is the number of atoms in docked ligand
  • Nflex is the number of rotatable torsions
  • Hbond is Hydrogen Bond energy - (lower the better)
  • Hphob is the hydrophobic energy in exposing a surface to water (lower the better)
  • VwInt is the van der Waals interaction energy (sum of gc and gh van der waals). Current version of the score uses explicit van der Waals interaction energy calculation (no grids). (lower the better)
  • Eintl is internal conformation energy of the ligand. (lower the better)
  • Dsolv is the desolvation of exposed h-bond donors and acceptors (lower the better)
  • SolEl is the solvation electrostatics energy change upon binding (lower the better)
  • dTSc Loss of entropy by the rotatable protein side-chains.
  • mfScore is the potential of mean force score
  • RecConf - if multiple receptor conformations was used Docking/Flexible Receptor/Setup 4D grid and represents the receptor conformation number

Columns in the HitList Table with ICM-PRO ONLY - NO ICM-VLS LICENSE


NOTE There are a number of post-screening analysis built into the Tools panel on the right hand side of the hitlist. These are described here.

How to sort the hitlist. Right click on a column header and select "Sort". For example you may want to sort by docking score.

Single click. A single click on a row in the hitlist will load the ligand and receptor complex in one object.

Save a complex as a PDB file. If the ligand and receptor are in the same object you can save them both as a PDB file. Right click on the name of the complex in the ICM Workspace. Select "Save as" and then a Windows dialog window will be displayed. Use the drop down button to select Type PDB (.pdb .ent).

Display stack of alternative ligand conformations. Double click on a row generates a new stack conformation table.

Browse stack conformations. Single click allows you to browse (or use up/down arrow keys) and double click generates complex in the ICM workspace.

Display stack of alternative ligand conformations. Double click on a row generates a new stack conformation table.

12.1.15 Hitlist Export


A docking hitlist can be made into a standalone docking project file to share with others and open in locations away from the docking directory. This can be done by:

  • Make the docking hitlist Docking/Make Hitlist.
  • Right click on the hitlist header tab (see image below).
  • Select Convert To Standalone Hitlist
  • File/ Save Project and save the project as an .icb file that others can view using ICM or the free ICM-Browser.

12.1.16 Dock Chemical Table


To dock directly from a chemical table:

Setup the receptor and read in the chemical table.

Select the chemicals in the table you wish to dock. If no selection is made ICM will dock the whole table. You can make selections by clicking on the row numbers whilst holding CTRL (non-contiguous selection) or TAB (contiguous selection).

Click on the Docking menu and select Dock Chemical Table.

Once the docking has finished a hitlist will be displayed.

NOTE: If you want to run the docking again you need to uncheck the boxes in the 'docked' column in your original docking table. To uncheck all - right click on the 'docked' column header and choose 'uncheck'.

12.1.17 Reload a Docking Project


To reload a docking project in version 3.7-2 and earlier.

/Docking/Set Project - Type in the Docking Project Name (Case Sensitive)

or in versions above 3.7-2

/Docking/Open Project

Now you can browse scan solutions etc.... and use the maps to dock another ligand.

12.1.18 Displaying Docked Ligand-Receptor Complex


After docking you will make a hitlist and in the hitlist table there some options to help to display the ligand-receptor complex. These options are in the extra panel section of the hitlist table. Here is how to access them:

  • Single click on one row of your hitlist to load the ligand (usually labeled m) into the receptor object (_rec object).
  • Click on the Extra panel button on the hitlist.
  • Select the Tools tab.
  • Go to the Visualizations section and use the drop down button to choose "Pretty View".
  • Click on the Visualizations option and the complex will be displayed in "Pretty View".

The same panel can be used to display:

  • Pocket Surface a mesh representation of the ligand binding pocket colored by properties of the ligand (opposite of pocket skin below). White=aromatic lipophilic, Green=non-aromatic other (mostly aliphatic) lipophilic surface, Red=hydrogen bonding acceptor potential, Blue=hydrogen bond donor potential.
  • Pocket Skin - a surface colored by the binding properties of the pocket. White=aromatic lipophilic, Green=non-aromatic other (mostly aliphatic) lipophilic surface, Red=hydrogen bonding acceptor potential, Blue=hydrogen bond donor potential.
  • Atom Energies - contribution of each atom to the Docking Score.
  • Clash Volumes - highlights any clashes between ligand and receptor.

Note There are additional display preferences you can set using Docking/Preferences/Display.


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